Every district knows the consequences of noncompliance: fines, audits, and potential lawsuits. Yet every district also knows that meeting compliance regulations isn’t just about reducing the risk of penalties. New challenges in the 21st century make today’s compliance regulations a key part of ensuring the safety, health, and opportunity of students. Rules about accessibility, use of social media, and harassment help ensure districts can create a learning environment conducive to learning. Plus, compliance regulations help protect students, teachers, and districts alike by establishing a framework for conduct and accountability, from staying safe during a crisis to facilitating diversity and cultural competence.